GI Oncology or Gastrointestinal cancers are one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide. The six most common GI cancers are colorectal, stomach and esophagus, liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. The risk factors for gastrointestinal cancer depend on the type of cancer and organ involved and generally include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, increasing age, consumption of a diet rich in animal fat, red meat, and obesity.
Symptoms of GI Oncology / GI Cancer
The initial symptoms are vague and may include abdominal pain or discomfort, change in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, bloating, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, unexplained weight loss and fatigue.
Treatment of GI Oncology / GI Cancer
Diagnosis of GI Cancers is made by certain blood investigations, upper GI endoscopy, colonoscopy and biopsy and various imaging studies such as CT Scan or MRI of the abdomen.
Treatment for gastrointestinal cancer depends on the site, type of cancer, stage, and other health factors.
Most patients depending on the site of origin need a multi-modality approach with the correct sequence of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Dr.Ashish Goel is the best gastrointestinal cancer specialist in Noida, Delhi. Surgical treatment of GI cancers comprises of radical resection of the organ involved such as gastrectomy, hemicolectomy, resection of the rectum (APR and LAR), hepatectomy, radical cholecystectomy and pancreatectomy along with regional lymph node dissection.
Some patients also require chemotherapy or radiotherapy in addition to surgical resection especially in a preoperative setting in order to downstage disease. Unfortunately, due to late presentation, many patients present in advanced stages and have poor treatment outcomes.
Dr. Ashish Goel is a best GI oncologist surgeon in Noida,Delhi. His is available for best Gastrointestinal Cancer treatment in Noida, Delhi NCR – India.
My tip for the day would be to practice a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent the occurrence of these cancers. Lifestyle changes include avoiding tobacco and alcohol and doing regular exercise.
Eating a well-balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables, low in animal fats may reduce the risk of cancer. Adults who are at higher risk of cancer due to strong family history may undergo regular screening at the recommendation of the oncologist.
Dr Ashish Goel is a Gastrointestinal Cancer Specialist Doctor and is available for best Gastrointestinal Cancer treatment in Noida, Delhi NCR – India.