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Limb Salvage Surgery for Bone Sarcomas

Bone sarcomas can undergo surgical resection with limb salvage surgery i.e. no need for amputation of the limb. This procedure involves resection of the part of the bone with a tumor with a replacement of the resected bone with a modular prosthesis. Replacement with prosthesis allows preservation of the limb with normal mobility at the …

Surgery for Retrosternal Thyroid Tumor

Retrosternal goitre is defined as enlargement of thyroid gland with a major portion of its mass located in the upper chest. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice and, in most cases, it can be done by a cervical approach. We present a case of a 56-year-old lady who presented with a large swelling in …

Tobacco and Cancer

Tobacco and Cancer Tobacco is a major cause of preventable mortality and morbidity around the world. It is responsible for more deaths than those resulting from road traffic accidents, suicides, homicides, maternity mortality and other causes combined. In India nearly half of all cancers in men are associated with tobacco use including mouth (oral cavity), …

Surgery for Gynaecologic Cancers

Gynaecological cancers are cancers arising from the female genital system and include tumors arising from the uterus, ovary, cervix, vagina and vulva. Gynaecological cancers are the second most common cancers arising in women after breast cancer and are the most common cause of cancer related death in women. Cervical Cancer Cancers of cervix appear as …

Surgery for Head and Neck Cancers

Head and neck cancers are currently the most common cancers to occur in men and the third most common cancers in women after breast and gynaecological cancers. The main reason for sudden rise in head and neck cancers is the recent increase in tobacco and alcohol consumption in our society especially in the young population. …

Gastrointestinal Cancers

GI cancers are one of the most common causes if cancer related death worldwide. The six most common GI cancers are colorectal, stomach and esophagus, liver, gall bladder and pancreas. The risk factors for gastrointestinal cancer depend on the type of cancer and organ involved and generally include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, increasing age, consumption …

Urologic Cancers

Urologic cancers affect the organs and structures of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive system. These cancers are fairly common in both men and women. The main types of urologic cancers include urinary bladder cancer, kidney cancers, testicular cancer and penile and urethral cancers. Urologic cancer symptoms vary depending on the …

Thyroid Cancer Surgery

Thyroid cancers are classified as well differentiated cancers (papillary & follicular), medullary and poorly differentiated anaplastic cancers. Papillary cancers usually present is young age as compared to anaplastic cancers which present in elderly individuals. Thyroid cancers present with symptomatic nodules or swellings in the front of neck. Sometimes they may be diagnosed as incidentally detected …

Laryngeal Cancer Surgery

Cancers of larynx (voice box) or pharynx (throat) most commonly present with hoarseness or change in voice, breathing difficulty and difficulty in swallowing in late cases. More than ninety percent cases are related to consumption of alcohol or smoking. Diagnosis is established by endoscopic evaluation of voice box and throat (Laryngoscopy) with biopsy of any …